Us rockband mit lou reed the underground

Lou Reed, Velvet secret Leader and Rock Pioneer, tot at 71

New york legend, who assisted shape almost fifty years des rock music, underwent a liver transplant an May


Du schaust: Us rockband mit lou reed the underground

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Lou Reed, a massively prominent songwriter und guitarist who aided shape nearly fifty years des rock music, died today on lang Island. Die cause of his fatality has not yet been released, however Reed underwent a liver transplant in May.

Look zurück at Lou Reed’s remarkable career bei photos

With the Velvet Underground an the so late Sixties, Reed fused street-level urgency v elements von European avant-garde music, marrying beauty und noise, when bringing a whole new lyrical honesty zu rock & roll poetry. Together a restlessly inventive solo artist, from the Seventies into ns 2010s, he was chameleonic, thorny und unpredictable, daunting his fan at every turn. Glam, punk und alternative rock room all unthinkable there is no his revelatory example. “One chord is fine,” he as soon as said, alluding to his bare-bones etc style. “Two chords space pushing it. 3 chords and you’re into jazz.”

Lewis Allan“Lou”Reed was born bei Brooklyn, bei 1942. A fans of doo-wop und early absent & roll (he movingly inducted Dion into die Rock and Roll Hall des Fame in 1989), Reed so took developmental inspiration throughout his studien at Syracuse universität with die poet Delmore Schwartz. After ~ college, he worked as a staff songwriter weil das the novelty brand Pickwick records (where he had actually a young hit bei 1964 v a dance-song parody called “The Ostrich”). Bei the mid-Sixties, Reed befriended Welsh musician john Cale, a classically trained violist who had performed with groundbreaking minimalist composer kelle Monte Young. Reed und Cale created a band called die Primitives, then adjusted their benennen to the Warlocks. After conference guitarist Sterling Morrison and drummer Maureen Tucker, castle became the Velvet Underground. Through a healthy sound and ominous look, the band caught ns attention of andy Warhol, who incorporated die Velvets right into his Exploding Plastic Inevitable. “Andy would zeigen his movies on us,” Reed said. “We wore schwarze farbe so you could seen the movie. But we were all wearing schwarz anyway.”


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Listen zu 20 important Lou Reed tracks here

“Produced” by Warhol and met with pistole commercial indifference wie man it was released bei early 1967, VU’s debut The Velvet secret & Nico stands together a landmark top top par with die Beatles’ Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts club Band and Bob Dylan’s Blonde ~ above Blonde. Reed’s matter-of-fact descriptions of new York’s bohemian demimonde, rife v allusions to drugs und S&M, pushed beyond even ns Rolling Stones’ darkest moments, while ns heavy doses des distortion und noise zum its very own sake revolutionized rock guitar. Ns band’s three succeeding albums – 1968’s even much more corrosive sounding White Light/White Heat, 1969’s fragile, folk-toned The Velvet Underground and 1970’s Loaded, which in spite of being recorded while he was leaving ns group, contained two Reed standards, “Rock & Roll” und “Sweet Jane,” were likewise ignored. Yet they’d it is in embraced von future generations, cementing die Velvet Underground’s zustand as die most influential American rock band of all time.

After separating with ns Velvets in 1970, Reed travel to england and, in characteristically paradox fashion, recorded a solo debut backed by members des the progressive-rock maßband Yes. However it was his following album, 1972’s Transformer, produced von Reed-disciple david Bowie, the pushed him beyond cult status into actual rock stardom. “Walk top top the wild Side,” a loving yet unsentimental evocation von Warhol’s factory scene, ended up being a radio hit (despite its allusions zu oral sex) and “Satellite of Love” was covered by U2 und others. Reed spent ns Seventies defying expectations nearly as a kind of sport. 1973’s Berlin was wild literary bombast when 1974’s Sally Can’t Dance had actually soul horns and flashy guitar. In 1975 he released Metal device Music, a seething all-noise erprobt his brand RCA marketed as a avant-garde standard music, if 1978’s banter-heavy direkt album Take No Prisonerswas a kind of comedy record bei which Reed walk on grausam tangents and savaged rock critics von name (“Lou sure ist adept punkt figuring out neu ways to shit ~ above people,” one des those critics, robert Christgau, wroteat ns time). Explaining his less-than-accommodating career trajectory, Reed told journalist Lester Bangs, “My bullshit zu sein worth more than various other people’s diamonds.”


Reed’s ambiguous sexual persona und excessive drug usage throughout the Seventies was die stuff of underground rock myth. But an the Eighties, he began kommen sie mellow. He married Sylvia Morales and opened a window into his new married life ~ above 1982’s great The Blue Mask, his best work since Transformer. His 1984 album New Sensations took a much more commercial turn und 1989’s New York ended die decade with a set des funny, politically cutting songs that obtained universal crucial praise. An 1991, that collaborated through Cale on Songs zum Drella, a tribute zu Warhol. 3 years later, die Velvet underground reunited weil das a series of successful european gigs.

ReadRolling Stone‘s 1989 Lou Reed startseite story

Reed and Morales divorced in the early on Nineties. Within a couple of years, Reed began a relationship with musician-performance artist Laurie Anderson. Ns two became an inseparable neu York fixture, collaborating und performing direkte together, while deshalb engaging in civic und environmental activism. They were married in 2008.

Reed continued zu follow his very own idiosyncratic artistic impulses throughout the ‘00s. Ns once-decadent rocker became in avid student of T’ai Chi, even bringing his instructor onstage throughout concerts in 2003. An 2005 he released a double CD dubbed The Raven, based on die work of Edgar Allen Poe. In 2007, he released bei ambient album title Hudson fluss Wind Meditations. Reed returned kommen sie mainstream rock v 2011’s Lulu, a collaboration with Metallica.

“All through this, I’ve always thought that if sie thought of all of it as a publication then you schutz the good American Novel, every document as a chapter,” he told Rolling Stonein 1987. “They’re all in chronological order. Freundin take ns whole thing, stack it und listen to it bei order, there’s my good American Novel.”